General

What is Hepatitis D virus ???

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21 Jul 2016 - General
 

Hepatitis D virus is one of the 5 known Hepatitis Virus, which are Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Hepatitis D and Hepatitis E. Hepatitis D virus can only replicate in the presence of Hepatitis B virus infection in the liver cell. Hepatitis D virus is an enveloped RNA virus like particle, that is not able to replicate in a normal liver cell. Only patients cohort of chronic Hepatitis B infection can get co-infection with Hepatitis D virus. This infection can result in acute and severe hepatiits in patients with chronic Hepatitis B infection. Usually in patients with Hepatitis D virus infection, their Hepatitis B virus replication will be supressed to low level. The transmission route for Hepatitis D virus is the same with those for Hepatitis B virus.

@ Eileen N, yes Hepatitis D virus will require the presence of Hepatitis B virus for infection. It is a defective virus, and it will depend on Hep B virus. Hence, only the patients cohort infected with Hepatitis B can get infected with Hepatitis D virus. The diagnosis of Hepatitis D cannot be made in the absence of Hepatitis C infection. Countries with high prevalence of Hepatitis D virus are like Eastern European countries, Mediterranean countries, and Central America. The intravenous drug user...
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