ADHD: Pathological or Cultural?Created by:
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder is a common psychiatric disorder seen in children, especially in the Western world. Children diagnosed with this disorder exhibit developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsive behavior and restlessness. It appears to have a complex etiology that remains to be defined. It appears to have a neurobiologic basis because imaging studies done on children affected with this disease show that they have smaller brains and reduced white matter tract density. Anatomic areas seem that have structural changes are the basal ganglia, the prefrontal cortex and the cerebellum. However, because this disease is more common among Westerners, some scientists argue that this disease s most likely a cultural disease rather than a pathologic one. What is the incidence of ADHD in your setting? Do you think ADHD is a pathological condition or is it a culturally created behavior?