Pneumonia: 2nd leading cause of deaths in Singapore

Pneumonia: 2nd leading cause of deaths in Singapore

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The Ministry of Health (MOH) lists pneumonia as the second leading cause of death in Singapore. It is trailing behind the big ‘C’, cancer by 10.4 per cent, and behind it comes coronary artery disease, which includes conditions such as stable and unstable angina, along with myocardial infarction.
30 Jul 2016 - General
Bacterial causatives of ABS; in particular aerobes were a focus of this presentation. The three most common causes of bacterial sinusitis and upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) are streptococcus pneumonae, haemophilus influenza, and moraxella catarrhalis (figure 2).5 S. pneumonae is also the predominant causative agent in CAP accounting for up to 60% of all cases.3 Identifying the microbiology becomes integral when choosing an antibiotic. Diagnosis is a key influence of therapy selection....
 (Total 230 words)
One fact about CAP in Singapore is that ocal prevalence of pathogens causing CAP in Singapore and their antibiotic susceptibility patterns differ considerably from that reported in the West.
In Singapore, Streptococcus pneumoniae (65%) is the most commonly identified pathogen. Haemophilus influenzae (about 10%) and the atypical agents (Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Legionella spp.: about 10%) are next in frequency. Staphylococcus aureus (2%) and the Gram-negative bacilli (1%) are rare pathogens...
 (Total 182 words)