Heat Stroke

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13 Aug 2016 - General

What is heatstroke?

Heatstroke is when the internal temperature of the body reaches 40 degree celcius. It can happen when your body gets too hot during strenuous exercise or when exposed to very hot temperatures, or it can happen after heat exhaustion isn't properly treated. Heatstroke is much more serious than heat exhaustion. Heatstroke can cause damage to your organs and brain. In extreme cases, it can kill you.

Symptoms of heatstroke

  • High fever (40 degree celcius or higher)
  • Severe headache
  • Dizziness and feeling light-headed
  • A flushed or red appearance to the skin
  • Lack of sweating
  • Muscle weakness or cramps
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Fast breathing
  • Feeling confused, anxious or disoriented
  • Seizures

What should I do if I think someone has heatstroke?

If you think someone might have heatstroke, call emergency medical personnel immediately. While you are waiting for medical assistance, take the person into an air-conditioned building or a cool, shady place. Remove the person's unnecessary clothing to help cool him or her down. Try to fan air over the person while wetting the skin with water. You can also apply ice packs to the person's armpits, groin, neck and back. These areas contain a lot of blood vessels close the surface of the skin. Cooling them with ice packs can help the person cool down.

Heatstroke can occur with training or recovery mistakes that people make. Staying in the sauna after a strenuous physical activity may lead to heatstroke. Excessive alcohol drinking after performing a marathon can produce heatstroke. Drinking energy drinks that contain high amounts of caffeine promotes during athletic activity will induce diuresis and promote fluid loss. Failing to hydrate before a race or game can lead to early dehydration and put a person for risk for heatstroke. Coaches who d...
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