Emergency care for burns--Correct me if i'm wrong =DCreated by:
Minor burns - aftercare
You can care for minor burns at home with simple first aid.
First-degree burns are only on the top layer of the skin. The skin can:
- Turn red
- Be painful
Second-degree burns go one layer deeper than first-degree burns. The skin will:
- Turn red
- Usually swell
- Usually be painful
Treat a burn like a major burn (call your doctor) if it is:
- From a fire, an electrical wire or socket, or chemicals
- Larger than 2 inches
- On the hand, foot, face, groin, buttocks, hip, knee, ankle, shoulder, elbow, or wrist
First Aid for Minor Burns
First, calm and reassure the person who is burned.
If clothing is not stuck to the burn, remove it. If the burn is caused by chemicals, take off all clothes that have the chemical on them.
Cool the burn:
- Use cool water, not ice.
- If possible, especially if the burn is caused by chemicals, hold the burned skin under cool running water for 10 to 15 minutes until it does not hurt as much. Use a sink, shower, or garden hose.
- If this is not possible, put a cool, clean wet cloth on the burn, or soak the burn in a cool water bath for 5 minutes.
If it is a minor burn:
- Clean the burn gently with soap and water.
- DO NOT break blisters. An opened blister can get infected.
- You may put a thin layer of ointment, such as petroleum jelly or aloe vera,
- If needed, protect the burn from rubbing and pressure with a sterile non-stick gauze