How to avoid Zika virus infection?Created by:
The only known effective method till now to stay safe from Zika virus infection is to avoid getting bitten by the Aedes mosquito itself, same as dengue virus and malaria.
This can be achieved through two main very simple concepts:
1- Stay away from the mosquitoes
- Do not travel to areas with Zika.
- If you must travel, talk to your doctor or other healthcare provider first and take steps to plan for travel.
- If your sex partner travels to an area with Zika, protect yourself from getting Zika during sex by using condom or other barriers.
2- Keep the mosquitoes away from your body.
If you live in an area with Zika, you need to sheild yourself from the transmitting mosquitoes by:
Using Insect Repellent:
Use Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-registered insect repellents with one of the active ingredients such as DEET, Picaridin, IR3535, PMD or OLE. When used as directed, EPA-registered insect repellents are proven safe and effective, even for pregnant and breastfeeding women.
Personal clothing and beds:
Wear light-coloured long-sleeved shirts and long pants
Treat items, such as boots, pants, socks, and tents, with permethrin or buy permethrin-treated clothing and gear.
Permethrin-treated clothing will protect you after multiple washings. See product information to find out how long the protection will last.
If treating items yourself, follow the product instructions.
Do not use permethrin products directly on skin.
Inside and outside your home:Sleep under a mosquito bed net if air conditioned or screened rooms are not available or if sleeping outdoors.
Use screens on windows and doors. Repair holes in screens to keep mosquitoes outside.
Use air conditioning when available.
Once a week, empty and scrub, turn over, cover, or throw out items that hold water, such as tires, buckets, planters, toys, pools, birdbaths, flowerpots, or trash containers. Check inside and outside your home. Mosquitoes lay eggs near water.