How to avoid Zika virus infection?

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31 Aug 2016 - General

The only known effective method till now to stay safe from Zika virus infection is to avoid getting bitten by the Aedes mosquito itself, same as  dengue virus and malaria.
 This can be achieved through two main very simple concepts:

1- Stay away from the mosquitoes

2- Keep the mosquitoes away from your body.

If you live in an area with Zika, you need to sheild yourself from the transmitting mosquitoes by:

  • Using Insect Repellent:
    Use Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-registered insect repellents with one of the active ingredients such as DEET, Picaridin, IR3535, PMD or OLE. When used as directed, EPA-registered insect repellents are proven safe and effective, even for pregnant and breastfeeding women.

  • Personal clothing and beds:
     Wear light-coloured long-sleeved shirts and long pants
    Treat items, such as boots, pants, socks, and tents, with permethrin or buy permethrin-treated clothing and gear.
    Permethrin-treated clothing will protect you after multiple washings. See product information to find out how long the protection will last.
    If treating items yourself, follow the product instructions.
    Do not use permethrin products directly on skin.

  • Inside and outside your home:
    Use screens on windows and doors. Repair holes in screens to keep mosquitoes outside.
    Use air conditioning when available.

    Sleep under a mosquito bed net if air conditioned or screened rooms are not available or if sleeping outdoors.
    Once a week, empty and scrub, turn over, cover, or throw out items that hold water, such as tires, buckets, planters, toys, pools, birdbaths, flowerpots, or trash containers. Check inside and outside your home. Mosquitoes lay eggs near water.
Yeah this is pretty much the same advise we give patients to protect themselves from all mosquito born diseases, specifically dengue, malaria and filariasis. Too bad that we now have another reason to fear mosquitos. And as Mark mentioned, the only difference there is between Zika and other mosquito born diseases is that Zika can be infected through intercourse, so only you taking precautions to avoid contact with mosquitoes is not enough. One has to remember that their sexual partner also needs...
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Mahmoud AbdelAziz Thank you for sharing these tips. It is similar to the ways to avoid contracting dengue virus and malaria. The only exception between the three is that Zika virus can now be transmitted through sexual intercourse or acts. It is the reason why the Zika virus has been regarded as more threatening because it can cross continents through carriers. The best course of action will be to avoid travel to...
 (Total 141 words)