Ulcerative Colitis - Introduction and InvestigationCreated by:
Ulcerative colitis is a type of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD). It is a chronic disease of colon. In general, ulcerative colitis is different from crohn's disease, as ulcerative colitis only involve colon and the inflammation is restrcited mostly to the mucosa. It will usually involve the rectum. The cause of ulcerative colitis is unknown. The greater risk factor is positive family history. The symptoms of ulcerative colitis are diarrhoea with or without blood in the diarrhoea, rectal bleeding, tenesmus, urgency, passing mucous and abdominal pain. In acute flare or acute 1st presentation of possible colitis, after the infective causes have been ruled out, flexi-sigmoidoscopy with colonic biopsy will the investigation of choice to diagnose ulcerative colitis.