Ulcerative Colitis - Introduction and Investigation

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3 Sep 2016 - General

Ulcerative colitis is a type of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD). It is a chronic disease of colon. In general, ulcerative colitis is different from crohn's disease, as ulcerative colitis only involve colon and the inflammation is restrcited mostly to the mucosa. It will usually involve the rectum. The cause of ulcerative colitis is unknown. The greater risk factor is positive family history. The symptoms of ulcerative colitis are diarrhoea with or without blood in the diarrhoea, rectal bleeding, tenesmus, urgency, passing mucous and abdominal pain. In acute flare or acute 1st presentation of possible colitis, after the infective causes have been ruled out, flexi-sigmoidoscopy with colonic biopsy will the investigation of choice to diagnose ulcerative colitis.  

Yes, Rajinda Asalage apart from the main colonic manifestation of ulcerative colitis, there are a a variety of extra intestinal manifestation of ulcerative colitis, which involved other organs. For example, inflammatory bowel disease related arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, pyoderma gangrenosum, erythema nodosum, primary sclerosing cholangitis, uveitis, episcleritis. Ankylosing spondylitis is more commonly ass...
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Ulcerative colitis is one of the two types of inflammatory bowel disease along with crohn disease. It usually affects the large intestine but it can affect any part of the intestine. Ulcerative colitis not the major cause of per rectal bleeding but per rectal bleeding is the main complain of the majority of the patients who have been diagnosed to have ulcerative colitis later. Frequent stools (usually watery), mucus discharge from the rectum, occasional tenesmus and lower abdominal pain. Extra i...
 (Total 130 words)